The LHC will be a 14 TeV proton-proton collider. High-energy physicists will use to LHC to search for the Higgs particle (or particles), which are thought to explain the origins of mass. It will also be used to search for "supersymmetric" particles and to explore why the universe is made entirely of matter, even though it is thought that the Big Bang created equal amounts of matter and anti-matter. Heavy-ion experiments in nuclear physics are also planned.

Part of the Japanese funds will go towards developing the superconducting quadrupole magnets needed for the collider. Each magnet is about 15 metres long and keeps protons focused in the beam as other magnets accelerate them to close to the speed of light. The magnets are being developed in close collaboration with KEK laboratory in Tsukuba. Japanese physicists are also helping to build ATLAS, one of the two general purpose detectors being constructed for the LHC.