At the DOE, the budget for basic energy science is set to rise by 11%, with two-thirds of this going to meet construction costs for the Spallation Neutron Source being built at Oak Ridge. Fusion research remains static at $222 m.

The $13.6 bn requested for NASA represents a fall of 0.6% compared with this year. However, space science and earth observation are set to receive increases of 3.6% and 3.2% respectively. As expected, construction of the International Space Station is earmarked to receive the biggest increase - 7.7%.