Nano-Structures for Optics and Photonics.
Purpose of the Meeting:
Nano-structures have unique capabilities that allow the enhanced performance of processes of interest in optical and photonic devices. In particular these structures permit the nano-scale manipulation of photons, electrons and atoms; they represent a very hot topic of research and are relevant to many devices and applications.
Nanotechnology, optics and photonics are key technologies of the 21st Century. The rapidly increasing possibilities of nanoscience enable a completely new level of molding the flow of light and controlling light-matter interaction, nearly on the atomic scale. This has for instance led to nano-antennas for light that can modify spontaneous emission of nearby molecules or that can act as high-figure-of-merit sensors. Antennas combined with emitters can also be used as novel nano-lasers (spasers). Other interesting areas are artificial optical materials called metamaterials and nano-plasmonic structures. Here, applications include but are not limited to ultra-compact and ultra-fast optical telecommunication devices, efficient sustainable solar energy conversion, and bio-photonics. Transformation optics expands the concept of metamaterials towards intentionally spatially inhomogeneous structures, e.g., invisibility cloaks. Conversely, optics and photonics also fuel nanotechnology, e.g., by novel super-resolution approaches in optical microscopy and lithography.
The Institute will introduce the students to the field and provide a comprehensive overview of experiments and theory, basic physics and applications as well as on nano-fabrication and optical characterization. It will bring together physicists, chemists, engineers, and biologists; it will be in the best tradition of our past Institutes, because it will start from the consideration of fundamental principles, and will reach the frontier of research in a systematic and didactic fashion.
The participants will have the opportunity to present their research work in the form of short seminars or posters.